SAFEDEM aims at providing a service platform addressing the needs of the Mine Action community to improve and optimize planning and preparation, and to reduce the impact of demining activities.
SAFEDEM service platform integrates data from Earth Observation satellites with high-resolution data acquired through Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (RPAS) to offer a comprehensive set of products and services in support to land release process in mine action at its various levels.
The SAFEDEM Demonstration Project is the follow-up of the SAFEDEM Feasibility Study which demonstrated the capability of space integrated assets to provide useful information for the demining activities confirming the potential to provide sustainable services with measurable benefits to the mine action community.
Objectives of the service
- to bring satellite technologies in the Mine Action context, where up to now they are only partially exploited;
- to consolidate a methodology for integration and fusion of Satellite, RPAS and land based data aimed at providing support to Land Release activity;
- to demonstrate and deliver to Mine Action users some well-established data processing techniques;
- to set-up a set of innovative services in a coherent framework, in order to help Mine Action practitioners in their activities.
Users and their needs
- Bosnia & Herzegovina Mine Action Center - BIHMAC
- Swiss Foundation for Demining/Fondation Suisse de Deminage - FSD
- Tajikistan Mine Action Centre - TMAC
- Armenia Mine Action Centre - ACHDE
Service/ system concept
- Field Survey Services provided by SatImage and MiniUAS that provide satellite images and/or field survey data.
- Value Adding Services: these services, Thematic maps and MA Risk maps, are built on the output of the “Field Survey Services”.
- provide the mine action community with timely, accurate, easy to find and select, and cost-effective stand-off raw data from space- and air-borne sensors;
- offer data processing and interpretation assistance to obtain standard and customized thematic maps (e.g. DTM/DSM, land cover, land use, change detection, geolocated user information such as accidents);
- build on thematic layers to obtain maps of indicators relevant to mine action assessment (e.g. conflict-related: craters, trenches; objectives of mining: paths, infrastructure; destroyed/unused building, etc.) and hazard maps, useful for prioritization and planning, as well as post-clearance assessment impact maps.
Space Added Value
SAFEDEM services are mainly aimed at field operators. However, other stakeholders (in particular regulatory agencies and donors) will indirectly receive new assessment capabilities from enhanced operators reports based in such services.
Inclusion of SAFEDEM services into consolidated best practice is expected to enhance organization performance, in particular:
- increasing area reduced/treated per €/$ spent (e.g. by better assessment of hazard areas, and reduced operator- and machine-hours employed);
- reducing overall operation time to completion of tasks;
- eventually increasing number of successfully resettled people, back into their homes and productive land.
From the point of view of regulators and donors, enhancement of knowledge about field situation, hazards, and mine action impact, will improve evaluation of social impact of contamination and clearance and help in optimizing resource allocation and monitoring its effectiveness.
SAFEDEM includes the following system and service components (SSCs): SatImage, MiniUAS, Thematic-maps, Mine Action (MA)-maps and GeoPortal.
SatImage. Provision for historical and updated ready-to-use satellite images.
It provides a “one-stop-shop” to request for specific satellite images. The service searches and assesses satellite data from providers to fit specific MA customer needs.
MiniUAS. Mini-Unmanned Aerial Systems for acquiring high-resolution imagery over suspected environments. Providing on-demand customized service to perform very high resolution image acquisition over a hazard area exploiting high spectral and spatial resolution imaging systems (RGB, IR, Thermal, LiDAR) for accurate and repetitive area survey.
Thematic maps. Provision of general purpose background maps and land use maps for planning and decision, including land use maps, change maps (in particular pre-/post-conflict, pre-/post-clearance), disturbed terrain analysis, human activity maps. They are produced by integrating and fusing existing satellite images and MiniUAS products via interpretation and classification.
MA-Risk maps. A set of geo-processing and image analysis tools for the production of hazard maps supporting risk assessment at all levels of the decision-making process: Suspected Hazard Areas definition, Technical Survey, Post-land-release assessment.
Use of remote sensing is consolidated in many and diverse applications, as is their provision means, processing for high-level information extraction, and organization into geographic information systems.
Applications in mine action exist at all levels, but as yet they have been developed in an uncoordinated and incomplete fashion, so that potentiality of space (and airborne) technologies has not been fully exploited.
Users need easy, economically effective, and complete access to existing data as well as on-purpose surveying. Moreover, they need competent assistance in extracting information relevant to their tasks, namely planning, risk evaluation, impact assessment. Existing information technology must be customized for specific mine action needs.
- get cartographic and geo-spatial information on un-explored areas, in any region of the World, for the first phase of Mine Action (non Technical Survey)
- get historical data about the same areas on land use and its changes
- prioritize the areas of on-site intervention (Technical survey, clearance...)
- integrate ground truth information (e.g. accidents...) and maps on a Geographic Information System (GIS)